S. K. NURMAGAMBETOV

Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich Nurmagambetov was born on May 25, 1924, in the aul Kosym (now aul Enbek) of the Akkol district of the Akmola region. In 1940 he graduated from 7 classes of Akkol secondary school №1. He worked as head of the hut reading room on the farm. In August 25, 1942 he was called up for military service, becoming a cadet of the First Turkestan Machine Gun Military School.
In 1942, he was drafted into the Red Army from school and sent to Turkmenistan to a military school in the city of Kushka. After graduation from April 1943 he was on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. He fought until May 1945 as commander of a machine-gun platoon, commander of a machine-gun company, commander of a rifle battalion as part of the 1052th rifle regiment of the 301st Donetsk Order of Suvorov, II degree of the Berlin rifle division of the 5th  army. Together with his fighting friends, brother-soldiers, he walked along the roads of the war from Kuban to Berlin, looked death into the eyes more than once, went through the whole Ukraine in bloody battles, participated in the liberation of Zaporozhskaya, Kherson, Odessa regions, crossing the Dnieper, the Southern Bug, Dniester, the liberation of Moldova, Belarus in the attack on the territory of Poland.He participated in the liberation of the cities of Kutno, Lowicz, Skornyvice.


When forcing and capturing a bridgehead on the Pilica River in Poland, a tributary of the Vistula River for heroism on February 27, 1945, by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet at the age of twenty, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich was awarded the highest state award – Hero of the Soviet Union (medal No. 5214).
The commander of the rifle battalion, Sagadat Nurmagambetov, was summoned to the regimental headquarters,he was explained the situation and assigned him a combat task – to force the Pilica River under the cover of the night darkness. “Under the cover of artillery fire, our battalion was the first to force the river and capture the enemy’s trench. And then, under the cover of machine gun fire, the artillerymen also crossed over. Now we felt confident. The enemy has repeatedly raised in the counterattack, which we successfully fought off. Many fascists did not rise from the Polish land that they had once seized. However, as soon as the sun rose, the Nazis came to their senses and launched a counterattack to regain the important lost frontier. Our infantry, gunners and mortar gunners met the fascist tanks in unison. Several vehicles were hit, set on fire, the rest, along with the infantry, retreated. The first failure did not embarrass the enemy. He threw into the battle all the new and new forces. By 12 o’clock we had fought off five counterattacks. They thought that the fascists were exhausted, but they again piled on our regiment, reinforced by “Tigers” and “Panthers”. At this time, the tankers, who had been conquered by us, were already moving through Pilica. When we saw our illustrious” thirty-fours”, it became joyful in our hearts that we ensured the capture of an important bridgehead. At that time I didn’t know that the command of the regiment and division presented me for assigning the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for forcing Pilica and for past combat affairs.
Words  from the book of  V.S.Antonov sound for me  as the dear and holy memory of the battles at the Pilica River to capture and hold the bridgehead: “Nurmagambetov’s gunners rotate fascist chains from machine guns. The captain himself at the machine gun, along with his best machine gunner, sergeant Gennady Voroshilov, “cross” and “fan” beats the enemy chains. ” In this battle, our regiment, capturing the bridgehead, ensured the advancement of other regiments of the division. Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich wrote about the battle on the Pilica River in his book“ Face to the Fire ” : “The task was accomplished. ”
He participated in the breakthrough of the Nazi defense from the Küstrin bridgehead, forced the Spree, stormed government buildings in Berlin. He met Victory Day in Berlin as commander of the infantry battalion. It is not by chance that Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich begins one of his books with the words: “For us there was no greater happiness than adequately fulfilling our civil and military duty to the Motherland, bringing a long-awaited victory closer. One for all.”
After the Victory, the personnel of the battalion performed the tasks of protecting important objects of state importance.
In April 1945, for the heroism and courage ,Sagadat Nurmagambetov was presented to the second Gold Star medal. The award list was signed by the commander of the 1052nd rifle regiment, the Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel A. Peshkov, and was agreed with the commander of the 301th rifle Stalin Order of Suvorov, II degree division, Colonel V. Antonov. There was such a reasoning argument:
“During the breakthrough of the strongly fortified enemy defenses west of Kustrin, on April 14, 1945, the battalion under the  command of Major Nurmagambetov, acting on the main line, broke through the German defenses and occupied five trench lines, made it possible for the regiments to deploy tanks and other battalions. Showing courage and skill, he developed the further success of the battle for the eastern outskirts of the city Guzov, he started street battles, in three hours captured the north-eastern outskirts of the city, moreover, the battalion destroyed 200 Nazis, 18 firing points, eliminated eight strongholds and captured 69 soldiers and officers of the enemy.
In the area of ​​the settlement of Hermesdorf, the enemy launched three counterattacks during the day, April 18, 1945. Major Nurmagambetov, showing exceptional stamina and perfect ability to organize and ensure the reflection of all German counterattacks, with great losses in manpower and equipment for them, knocked the enemy off the occupied lines … broke into Bukov, overcoming the stubborn resistance of large groups of faustgunners and submachine gunners of the enemy, in the difficult conditions of the street battles, he ensured the execution of the order of the regiment command to seize the eastern outskirts of the city. In battles for the city of Bukov, the battalion destroyed 100 Nazis, twelve firing points, three tanks and one self-propelled gun.
On April 23, the rifle battalion of Major Nurmagambetov was the first to cross the Spree River in the suburb of Treptow and, having entrenched itself on the western bank, perfectly provided a reflection of four violent counterattacks of the enemy, which tried to eliminate the occupied bridgehead by our units. Developing the further success of the battle, the battalion started street battles on the streets of the suburb of Treptow with faustgunners and submachine gunners, and destroyed more than 80 Nazis, captured 145 enemy soldiers, which contributed greatly to the capture of the Subtours of Treptow.
On April 24, 1945, the battalion of Major Nurmagambetov broke the stubborn resistance of the enemy, broke into Berlin. Masterfully controlling the battalion, in complex street battles with large groups of faustgunners and machine-gunners destroyed over 450 and captured 1,560 Nazis and eliminated nine strong points. In this battle, Major Nurmagambetov was injured and wothy to be  awarded with the second medal “Gold Star”.
Bur  Major Nurmagambetov did not receive the second Gold Star medal. Having gained combat experience in the battles of the Great Patriotic War, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich devoted his life to a difficult and noble profession – defender of the Motherland.
From June 1946 to November 1949, he studied at the M.I. Frunze Military Academy. After graduation, he served in various staff and command positions: a senior officer of the operational management of staff of the Turkestan Military District, commander of motorized rifle regiment, chief of staff of motorized infantry division, the Chief of Staff of the Civil Defense of the Kazakh SSR, newly deputy commander of the Central Asian Military District, the first deputy commander of the South military groups (Hungary). During this time, he studied twice at the courses of the Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR. In the Soviet Army, he was given the military rank of “Major – General” (1964) and “Lieutenant – General” (1972) [1].
In 1989, when  the district was disbanded, he became the chairman of the Kazakh Republican Council of War, Labor and Armed Forces Veterans and at the same time the Chairman of the Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR on Veterans and Disabled Affairs of the Armed Forces.
In October 1991, by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he was appointed Chairman of the State Defense Committee, and in May 1992, Minister of  Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan he was given the military rank of colonel-general (1992) and army general (May 5, 1993). Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich headed the Ministry of Defense in the difficult in the tense period of our history, when the fate of the Kazakh army was decided, proving himself to be a talented military strategist, organizer of a high state level, military commander and diplomat. As a talented commander, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich enjoyed great prestige not only in his homeland, but also abroad. Serving as Minister of  Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he gave all his strength and energy to strengthening the country’s defense, writing bright pages in the military chronicle of the Kazakh people. For the professionalism of a high-ranking leader and the ability to make well-thought-out decisions, Sagadat  Kozhakhmetovich was awarded the high military rank of “Army General”. He is the first officer of Kazakhstan to be awarded this highest military rank. His name is inscribed in golden letters in the history of the Armed Forces of sovereign Kazakhstan.
Motherland appreciated Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich’s personal contribution to the construction of the Armed Forces of independent Kazakhstan, awarding him the title “Halyk Kaharmany”, the first in the history of the state.
On May 23, 1994, by the decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he was awarded the title” Halyk Kaharmany” with the award of the Golden Star No.1
In November 1995, he retired with the rank of army general, after which he was an adviser to the President of the Republic.
In 1971-1994 he was repeatedly elected deputy of the Supreme Council of Kazakhstan.
He was married. His son Talgat was born in 1952, he is a major general. His daughter‘s name is Aisulu.He had grandchildren and granddaughters. He lived and worked in the city of Almaty.


Nurmagambetov S.K.has gone from a lieutenant, a commander of a machine-gun platoon to an army general. He devoted his rich life experience and knowledge to the noble cause – training and education of young personnel training and education of young personnel of the army of our independent Republic of Kazakhstan, strengthening the prestige of military service. He participated in the creation of the cadet corps and the republican school “Zhas Ulan”, bearing his name. Future young defenders of the Motherland, for whom “Honor!” is not  an empty sound, studied there. In 1999, the Republican School “Zhas Ulan” in Astana was named after General Nurmagambetov for in-depth study of the state and foreign languages, military disciplines, as well as enhanced physical training in Astana .
He died on September 24, 2013. He was buried at Kensai cemetery in Alma-Ata.
Nurmagambetov S.K. is Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of the Golden Star “Halyk kaharmany” No. 1, was awarded the Order of “Lenin”, “October Revolution”, “Red Banner”, twice – “World War” I – II degree, “Red Star” , twice – the “Labor Red Banner”, the Order “For Service to the Motherland in the Armed Forces”, the Orders of “Friendship” of Russia, Ukraine, and many medals.
A native of the Akkol district, Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich was a true patriot of the Motherland. The whole world knew, respected him, but he was always devoted to his small homeland – the aul of Enbek and the city of Akkol. Nurmagambetov S.K. is the honorary citizen No. 1 of the Akmola region, Akkol district, Almaty, Donetsk. Since 1999, the central street of the city of Akkol bears his name, on which in 2016 a bronze bust was installed, a memorial plaque on the building of school No. 1, where he studied. Museum after S.K.Nurmagambetov was opened in July 2007 in the District Library on the personal initiative of our famous countryman. All exhibits were provided by S.K. Nurmagambetov himself. He wanted that it was here, in his homeland, where he was respected and honored, that things were dear to him. By the 90th anniversary of the birth of S.K. Nurmagambetov, the Central Council of the Republican Public Association “Veterans of the Armed Forces” established a commemorative medal, which was awarded to veterans of the Great Patriotic War, workers of the rear, residents of Akkol district who made a worthy contribution to the socio-economic development of the region.
Much information has been written about war and the army. But there are some very special books written by the memory of the heart. Reading them, it is difficult to get rid of the feeling that even the pages smelled of gunpowder. These are the books of Sagadat Nurmagambetov. They are authentic testimonies of the heroic history of the whole country and of one person: “Face the fire” (1984), “My front edge” (1994), “But there is no silence in memory” (1999). In the book From Fiery Years to Sovereign Army (2005), truthfully and impartially statesman, a major military leader, a great internationalist and diplomat S.K. Nurmagambetov wrote about the problems that had to be solved in the difficult period of the creation and formation of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
On September 24, 2013, a man, a legend, a Patriot and a Citizen, died, whose whole life is an example of selfless service to his Homeland, his people. His simple aul boy with a difficult childhood had to endure all the hardships of two centuries in which passed his life. And the special merit of Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich is that in any situation he remained himself — devoted to his Motherland and to the cause to which he devoted his whole life.
Many batyrs were born on the boundless Kazakhstani land. Others became a legend, entered the national epic, but there were people who did so much for society that it was taken for granted. Such a man was Sagadat Kozhakhmetovich Nurmagambetov.

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